What are the most common hand conditions?

There are three major types of bones in the hand; Phalanges bones found in the fingers and also in the toes, Metacarpal bones make up the middle part of the hand and Carpal bones create the wrist and connect two bones in the arm called the ulnar bone and the radius bone. All of these complex bones, muscles and ligaments allow for movement and dexterity of the hand.

Hand conditions may be congenital (present at birth), a work related injury or overuse caused by repetitive activity and aging. Hand pain that is not a result of an injury is most commonly caused by joint inflammation also known as arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis are two of the most common types of arthritis affecting the hand. However, other conditions such as diabetes can cause damage to the nerves in the hand resulting in pain, numbness or tingling of the arms and legs.

At Premier Orthopaedic Associates of Southern New Jersey our hand specialists are dedicated to applying their skills and techniques to some of the most common and complex hand conditions: 

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome  
Mallet Finger (Basketball Finger) 
Fingertip Amputations 
Hand Arthritis 
Hand Sprains and Fractures 
Traumatic Hand Injuries 
Trigger Finger 
Finger Sprains, Fractures or Dislocations 
Jammed Fingers 
Nerve Compression 

With any of these conditions you might experience stiffness, swelling and pain, bony nodules at the middle or end of joints in the finger, pain and swelling at the base of the thumb or loss of strength in the fingers and the grip of the hand. We know how much you rely on full mobility of your hand, which is why our team of highly trained hand specialists stay up-to-date on the latest techniques and interventional pain management solutions. When surgery is a consideration, we offer minimally invasive procedures performed in one of our state-of-art outpatient surgery centers where our dedicated team is focused on getting your hand fully functional.    

If you have pain that is persistent or lack mobility in your wrist or elbow, it is time to seek the care of one of our wrist and elbow specialists.     

Hand Specialists 

Peter A. Sarkos DO, FAOAO
Peter A. Sarkos


Bruce A. Monaghan MD, FAAOS
Bruce A. Monaghan 


John B. Catalano MD, FAAOS
John B. Catalano


Mark K. Levitsky MD
Mark K. Levitsky


David A. Bundens MD
David A. Bundens