Causes of Shoulder Arthritis

Osteoarthritis: This is the most common type of arthritis and occurs due to wear and tear of the cartilage in the shoulder joint over time.
Rheumatoid Arthritis: An autoimmune disorder where the body’s immune system attacks the lining of the joints, including the shoulder.
Post-Traumatic Arthritis: Develops after an injury to the shoulder, such as a fracture or dislocation, which can lead to cartilage damage and arthritis.
Avascular Necrosis: A condition where the blood supply to the bone in the shoulder is disrupted, leading to bone death and subsequent arthritis.

Symptoms of Shoulder Arthritis

  • Pain: Persistent shoulder pain, especially with movement or at rest, is a common symptom of shoulder arthritis.
  • Stiffness: Limited range of motion in the shoulder joint, making it difficult to perform daily activities like reaching or lifting.
  • Swelling: Inflammation and swelling around the shoulder joint may occur, contributing to discomfort and reduced mobility.
  • Crepitus: A grinding or clicking sensation within the shoulder joint during movement.
  • Weakness: Weakening of the muscles surrounding the shoulder due to pain and limited use.

Treatment Options for Shoulder Arthritis

Conservative Management:

  • Pain medications: Over-the-counter or prescription medications to manage pain and inflammation.
  • Physical therapy: Exercises to improve shoulder strength, flexibility, and range of motion.
  • Hot and cold therapy: Alternating between heat and ice packs to reduce pain and swelling.
  • Lifestyle modifications: Avoiding activities that exacerbate symptoms and maintaining a healthy weight to reduce stress on the shoulder joint.
  • Corticosteroid Injections: Injections of corticosteroids directly into the shoulder joint can provide temporary relief from pain and inflammation.
  • Hyaluronic Acid Injections: Hyaluronic acid injections can help lubricate the joint and provide relief from pain and stiffness.

Surgical Options:

  • Arthroscopic Debridement: Minimally invasive surgery to remove damaged tissue and smooth the joint surfaces.
  • Shoulder Replacement Surgery: In severe cases, replacing the damaged shoulder joint with a prosthetic implant may be necessary to alleviate pain and improve function.
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Why Choose Premier Orthopaedic Associates of Southern New Jersey for Shoulder Arthritis?

Shoulder arthritis can have a significant impact on an individual’s quality of life, but with proper management, symptoms can be effectively controlled.  Know that Premier Orthopaedic Associates have your best interest and well-being in mind. If you are experiencing shoulder pain or stiffness, schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists.

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