What is the cause of mid and low back pain?

Your thoracic spine also known as the middle back includes 12 spinal vertebrae, T1 to T12 along with muscles and ligaments. The lumbar spine is located in the lower back consisting of five vertebrae, known as L1 to L5. They are larger, thicker and more block-like bones than other spine vertebrae providing the main support system for the weight of your body. When you walk, run, sit, lift or move your body in any direction all of the muscles and ligaments attached to the thoracic and lumbar spine are activated. Damage or irritation to any of these muscles and ligaments can lead to pain, which may affect one side more than the other.

Unfortunately, most people will experience back pain at some point in their lives. Various lifestyle factors are the result of back pain which include but are not limited to; obesity, sitting for long periods of time, strenuous exercise or lack of exercise such as stretching, and occupational hazards where lifting pushing or twisting is excessive. When there is damage to muscular or soft tissue you may feel sharp pain, throbbing and spasms. If the problem is nerve-related you may feel burning, shooting pain, or tingling or numbness. One of the main factors of back pain is aging. When the body ages, the tissue that connect and support the bones may become stiff and prone to injury.

At Premier Orthopaedic Associates of Southern New Jersey we’ve treated patients from all over the United States and the world who came to us seeking our award-winning back and spine care. We’ve treated some of the most common and complex back and spine conditions:

Degenerative Disc Disease 
Lumbar Spine Pain  
Cervical Spine Pain  
Sacroiliac Joint Syndrome
Thoracic Spine Pain  
Spinal Stenosis  
Herniated Disc  
Vertebrae Fractures

If you have chronic back pain or spine condition that is limiting your ability to work or play, seek the attention of our board certified, fellowship trained orthopedic physicians. Whether your treatment begins with one of our pain management specialists or requires surgery, trust that our team of experts will apply the utmost compassion and care every step of the way.   

Mid and Low Back Specialists 

Rahul V. Shah MD, FAAOS
Rahul V. Shah


Kimberley Y. Smith MD, FAAPMR/FAAPM
Kimberley Y. Smith


Laurence N. Fitzhenry, IV MD
Laurence N. Fitzhenry, IV


Chiara Mariani MD, FAAPMR
Chiara Mariani


Mark K. Levitsky MD
Mark K. Levitsky


Niti D. Cooper DO
Niti D. Cooper


Vincent N. Disabella DO, FAOASM
Vincent N. Disabella


Trina M. Lisko DO, FAAPMR
Trina M. Lisko